The Obama administration is working on a global project to deploy an Internet “ghost” as well as mobile telephone systems allowing dissidents to bypass censorship of dictatorial regimes, reported Sunday the New York Times.
These efforts have been revealed in numerous interviews conducted by the New York daily as well as documents and secret diplomatic cables obtained by the latter.
The United States and leading discrete projects to create independent networks of mobile phones within some countries and also lead an operation worthy of the purest spy novel to develop a stealth Internet.
In this perspective, young entrepreneurs in Washington seeking to develop electronic devices do not attract attention and compact enough to be transported in a bag of ordinary trip.
Funded by a grant of two million dollars from the State Department, this case will pass the borders of a country and the equipment to be quickly assembled to enable wireless communications over a wide area with internet access.
Some of these projects focus on developing new technologies in the U.S. while others rely on techniques and tools already created by hackers.
Stealth communications networks allow activists from countries like Iran, Syria and Libya to communicate with the outside world without the government can even detect, according to participants in the project cited by the NYT.
In one of the most ambitious projects, the State Department and Pentagon have spent at least $ 50 million to create an independent network of mobile phone towers in Afghanistan using military bases protected as a relay inside the country .
These technological efforts of the United States have stepped up to the moment, Egypt, former President Hosni Mubarak, facing a massive wave of protest, decided to cut internet shortly before leaving office.
Recently, the Syrian government has temporarily halted most of the internet in countries to prevent the mobilization of protesters.
The initiative of the Obama administration is in a sense a new front in the American diplomatic efforts undertaken long to defend freedom of expression and encourage democracy.
For decades, the United States produces radio broadcasts in autocratic countries in particular through the “Voice of America.”
More recently, Washington has supported the development of software that preserve the anonymity of users in countries like China and to train citizens of these countries in order to pass information via the Internet controlled by the government without being detected .