Sun – The History – Before And After Oracle

This is the 12th article on the history of companies.

At first Sun was primarily a seller of workstations, competing successfully as a seller of low prices during the Wars of workstations (Workstation Wars) 1980′s. In the late 1990s, when the Sun was losing seasons in performance when compared to competitors’ Aas, and especially for Wintel PCs, the company became successful in a seller of servers in large-scale symmetric multiprocessing. This transformation was possible thanks to technology acquired from Silicon Graphics and Cray Research. The server line Cray CS-6400 was transformed in mainframes Sun Enterprise 10000 and Sun Enterprise 450.

During a short period in the late ’80s, Sun sold an Intel 80386-based computer, the Sun 386i. An adaptation of Solaris for Intel architecture has become available since then. Currently, Sun continues to market for x86 hardware and introduced a version of Solaris for AMD64.

In the mid-1990, Sun acquired Diba and Cobalt Networks with the aim of building network applications (Network Appliance) (single function computers aimed at the general public). Sun also marketed a “computer network” (network computer), a diskless workstation, or diskless workstation, as it was popularized by the president of Oracle Corporation, Larry Ellison). Neither of these trade initiatives had a particular success.

In early 1990, Sun emphasized the symmetric multiprocessing (symmetric multiprocessing) to compete with the growing capabilities of Intel servers. Spurred by the growing prominence of web applications for database servers, blade type were also emphasized.

Have today as world president Jonathan I. Schwartz and as national president Rodolfo Fontoura.

And Sun was recently acquired by Oracle for $ 7.4 billion. It is estimated that with the acquisition of Sun by Oracle, many improvements occurring in the company.

With the acquisition by Oracle released on April 20, 2009 after 27 years of independence in providing services, Sun has started a project for UNIX workstations. The company started with this project when the founders were graduate students at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California. The company’s name originally stood for Stanford University Network (which is reflected in the company symbol on the stock exchange, SUNW, which today means Sun Worldwide). The company was founded in 1982 and went public in 1986. Its founders were Vinod Khosla, Scott McNealy, Bill Joy (a software developer of BSD Unix) and Andy Bechtolsheim, McNealy and Bechtolsheim still in the Sun today.

Other exponents include Sun’s first employees John Gilmore and James Gosling. Sun was an early advocate network computing based on UNIX, providing TCP / IP and NFS in particular, as can be seen from the company’s motto “The Network Is The Computer” (The network is the computer). James Gosling led the team that developed the Java programming language. More recently, Jon Bosak led the creation of the XML specification at W3C.

Sun’s logo, which features four interleaved copies of the word sun, was designed by professor Vaughan Pratt, also of Stanford University. The initial version of the logo had the sides oriented horizontally, but was later modified so that it could be placed in the corner.

Earlier, Sun used the Motorola 68000 processor family for the Sun Series 1 to 3 Sun. From the Sun line 4 (SPARCstation 1 and above), the company used its own family of processors, SPARC, RISC architecture that uses an IEEE standard. Sun has developed several generations of the Sparc architecture, including Sparc-1, SuperSPARC, UltraSparc-I, UltraSPARC-II, UltraSparc-III and UltraSparc IV today. Sun also has a second line of processors at low cost, targeted at basic systems, including MicroSparc-I, MicroSparc-II, UltraSparc-III and UltraSparc-IIIi. Sun has struggled to maintain the level of its rivals in technological warfare of speed and computing power of processors, but its customer base has remained loyal thanks to the popularity of his version of UNIX, SunOS system (and later Solaris).

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