The first Apple Macintosh (Macintosh 128K) in 1984 was immediately supplied with a graphical user interface (Mac OS). The development of the Mac without mouse control was begun in 1979 under the leadership of Jef Raskin. Steve Jobs gave later invited to visit the Xerox PARC lab, along with other artists Bill Atkinson, and after this visit, several ideas from PARC and its mouse-driven Xerox Alto workstation acquired. The Apple team, however, developed itself in the overlapping windows interface, the ability to move or remove icons, the ‘cut and paste’ metaphor and a menu bar that looked the same in each program.
The Macintosh ( usually referred as MAC ) was used by Douglas Engelbart in 1963 developed mouse and used the metaphor of the desktop. One user did not incomprehensible commands to type. After turning on the Macintosh computer he saw (on the 9-inch monochrome screen) a symbolic desktop for itself with icons of a cabinet, sheets of paper, folders for them to do, and a trash to them away throw.
The actual operating system behind by Apple as much as possible kept out of sight. It worked first on a processor from the Motorola 68000-series, and consisted of a system – called System – as best RAM was loaded, a file manager – called the Finder – and a growing number of extensions, the extensions. Adjustments to the system could be implemented by control panels calling certain functions that could be brought, the Control Panels.
The Macintosh was inaugurated on January 22, 1984 with a one-minute commercial during the U.S. Super Bowl. About half the population of the United States looked at this. Two days later, the computer was officially introduced by Apple founder Steve Jobs. The price of the first Mac was between 1995 and 2495 U.S. dollars.
The Macintosh is in many ways the founder of what is now called the PC. Computers without mouse and window control a la MS-DOS were hardly available around 2002. The first Macintosh running at 7.83 MHz clock speeds while in 2003 to nearly 500 times are achieved. The original Mac operating system (MacOS) was phased out around 2002 and replaced by the BSD Unix-based Mac OS X. The first version of this derived from the old mouse-based Unix variant NeXTStep, debuted in 2001 (Mac OS X 10.0). OS X worked within the old Classic MacOS for the release of version 10.5 only within the so-called Classic emulation. With the advent of ‘Leopard’ original MacOS 10.5 disappeared permanently from the stage at Apple.
On June 5, 2005 Steve Jobs announced that Apple would begin to switch from PowerPC to Intel microprocessors. The move would be complete in 2007. The reason for this transition was the high power consumption and high heat production of the G5 processors from IBM, Apple laptops, which could not compete. Apple introduced the first Macs with Intel Core processors Duo’ early as January 2006, until August 2006 when the last Power Mac and Xserve with an Intel processor are provided. The switch to Intel was also name changes: the MacBook, the iBook, PowerBook, the MacBook Pro, Power Mac, the Mac Pro.
This article is written referring with wikipedia.org